The Stuff Back Then Was Really Good

“Fashion is not something that exists in dresses only. Fashion is in the sky, in the street, fashion has to do with ideas, the way we live, what is happening” – Coco Chanel
The fashion of the 1960s is used even today, as this decade was marked as the time when there were major social changes, and was dominated solely by the youth. These were the years after the World Wars, when the baby boomers were the youth, and demanded to have their own fashion styles, and set trends their way. Because of the huge fashion saga, designers in the 1960s too responded more liberally, and had a daring approach to styling, which showed in their designing ways. This transformation was a warning to the earlier eras, that the youth of the 1960s would not be dominated by traditional obligations of what had to be worn, when, and by whom.
The 1960s’ Women Wore

Fashion, in this era, underwent many changes in clothes for women. Along with color changes to styles, to hairdos, to footwear, everything was different. The gowns made way for mini as well as long skirts and close-fitting dresses. The hippies believed in dressing only for necessity and not luxury. They wore bell-bottomed jeans, long skirts, loose-fitting or tie-dyed shirts, sandals, and headbands.

In the early ’60s, the elegance of these clothes was flaunted by the First Lady, Jacqueline Kennedy. Women wore suits with short boxy jackets and over-sized buttons. Women also showed off their sexy toned bodies with A-line mini dresses with sleeveless patterns, and wore them with knee-length boots, swanky goggles, and beaded accessories. Cocktail dresses, stilettos, and go-go boots, were also very popular.

Polo neck tops, square-toed boots, and berets were also gaining momentum in popularity. Colorful frills, leather boots, collarless jackets, comfortable slacks, loose-fitting shirts, and many more were the designs of the day for these budding youngsters with an attitude to change the world.

Sequins and shiny fabrics also became popular by the middle of this decade, and were accompanied with leather hand bags and pump-heeled shoes. Transparent and netted clothes were flaunted by celebrities, and was aped by the common people. Capri pants and tight narrow denims were also a big hit.
The 1960s’ Men Wore

Some very famous collar styles in the 1960s were the turtle necks, which were mainly paired with checked and striped blazers and vests. The Nehru jacket also gained popularity, which was inspired by the Indian Prime Minister – Jawaharlal Nehru, and was a favorite among ‘The Beatles’ and other ’60s’ celebrities. Pleated trousers and sweaters were famous too.

Other fashion styles for men consisted of a variety of collars. These collars were designed taking global inspirations of those times, and merged in with western outfits.

There were some serious transformations in the designs and patterns of men’s clothing in the 1960s. The ‘hipster’ pants that were to be worn below the belly button also came into fashion in the ’60s, that is modified and seen even today.

Men accessorized their look with swanky watches, retro sunglasses, funky bandannas, and were seen riding the famous mod-style Lambretta scooters.
Plaid prints for Men and Women

A famous pattern back then were the buffalo plaids, which were popular with the hippies as well as regulars, along with the lumberjacks. Another form of shirts in this time was shirts with psychedelic prints and high-collared Regency jackets.

Fashion and Clothing

This post-war period stands out in the history of fashion owing to some radical changes that came about. The minimalistic approach towards clothing that was taken in the earlier decade saw an end and there was a renewed passion for dressing up well, and with panache. Dressing up impeccably was a way of life. Fashion saw an emergence of consumer-driven attitude like never before.

New materials, textures, designs, as well as patterns gained popularity. The bikini, drain-pipe trousers, pedal-pushers were all introduced and gained popularity in the ’50s. With a generation that was ready to push the boundaries of style and fashion, there was a lot of innovative styles that became all the rage in the fifties.

So what were the most popular styles of the ’50s? What were the trends that caught the imagination of that generation?
The Fifties for Women
The style adopted by women in the ’50s is best defined as feminine, sensuous and elegant. The hourglass figure was majorly highlighted by the outfits worn. As compared to the silhouettes of short skirts and wide shoulders worn in the forties, fashion in the fifties evolved to fuller calf-length skirts and soft shoulder lines that enhanced a woman’s figure.
Dior Dress

Dior launched a collection in 1947 which pretty much dictated the look of the fifties. The signature shape of the collection was categorized by dresses that had a below-mid-calf length, full-skirt, pointed bust, small waist, and rounded shoulder line.
Peplum Suit

For formal wear during the day, tailored suits which combined peplum jackets with pencil skirts were in vogue. Women wearing dresses generally opted for patterns with full skirts and a fitted bodice.
Shirt Dress

Shirt dresses which had bodices that resembled shirts were also extremely popular.
Dress with Bolero Jacket

Evening dresses often were of the same length as day dresses and were combined with a short, bolero jacket. Towards the mid-1950s the styles started taking a new turn with unfitted suits and dresses making an appearance.
Chanel Suit

In 1955, Dior showcased an A-line dress and in the late 1950s Coco Chanel headlined with the Chanel suit, a braid-trimmed jacket styled after cardigan worn with an A-line skirt.
Sheath Dress

The sheath dress with its straight cut and a slight A-line pattern also first saw popularity in the 1950s.
Narrow Pants

During the war in the forties, several women had taken to wearing trousers. And in the fifties, they continued to wear pants. The style changed slightly with women taking to wearing ankle-length narrow pants. Mid-calf pants known as houseboy pants and pedal-pushers (knee-length pants) also gained in popularity.
The Fifties for Men
Blame it on the television series Mad Men for bringing the fashion of the fifties in the limelight again. But Don Draper does leave a woman wanting for more. And men in the fifties did put their dashing selves forward in the best possible way.
Double Breasted Jacket

Once the war ended, the trends for men changed quite a bit. Suits that they wore became broad-shouldered and double-breasted.
Dinner Jacket

The trousers were also bigger and were rimmed with cuffs. The previously placed restrictions on things like fabrics were now eased. Broad lapels and coordinated accessories were in vogue. It was in this period that Savile Row introduced a look that they called the New Edwardian.
Over Coat

The look was made up of a slightly-flared jacket, shoulders following natural lines, a narrow cut, a bowler hat, and an overcoat.
Single Breasted Suit

In time the double-breasted suits were replaced with narrower single-breasted suits with less padding and in lighter fabrics.
Plaid Jacket

Sports coats followed the same cut as coats worn as a part of suits. Plaids were fashionable and a popular fabric.
Bermudas

Bermuda shorts were also extremely sought after and often worn with knee-length socks. Men also wore knit shirts and sweaters.
Fashion is known to evolve constantly. Fashion from the fifties also evolved with time but it is one of those decades that we keep revisiting for inspiration. If you are one of those people who likes to constantly reinvent themselves, then this is the decade to look towards. Your new favorite look may not be too far off.

Ancient Greek Fashion

Ancient Greece was known for many things; right from the beautiful art to the very rich literature. Ancient Greek fashion was equally interesting and had certain characteristic features about it. Women in ancient Greece were quite modest as far as their clothing was concerned. Here is a detailed look at how people dressed in ancient Greece.
Types of Clothing
The kind of clothing worn in ancient Greece was loose and flowing, and the garments were rarely sewn together. The fabrics used were mainly linen or wool. Women also wore a veil with their clothing whenever they stepped out of the house. In fact, the ancient Greek fashion was quite modern in its outlook as far as men were concerned―male nudity was really not a big deal at that time.
Chiton

The chiton was worn in ancient Greece by men as well as women. It could be worn with a himation (a kind of cloak). When worn without the himation, it was known as a monochiton. The chiton appeared after the Persian invasion. A belt named zoster was also worn. This dress was seen in two varieties―the Doric chiton, which consisted of two rectangular pieces of cloth, and was worn long, and the Ionic chiton, which differed in the overfold. The overfold was worn longer on the Doric chiton.
Himation

The himation was a form of outdoor wear, generally made from a rectangular piece of wool. With the use of lighter fabrics, the himation could be worn at any time of the day. It was also used as a form of drapery to be worn over the chiton. The himation can be compared to the Roman toga, the only difference being that the former has less volume in the fabric. When worn solo, the himation was known as a achiton. This piece of clothing can be compared to modern cloaks worn today.
Peplos

Women often wore the peplos and this costume goes back to the period before 500 BCE. This can be described as a piece of woolen material, styled as per the height of the wearer. The peplos consisted of a tubular-shaped cloth that was folded inside out. The top area of the tube usually gathered at the waist, while the bottom extended till the ankles. The cloth on the upper area was brought underneath the left arm. This was secured with the help of tapes or pins on the right shoulder. The top layer of the cloth, which draped the waist, often gave the appearance of two pieces of cloth. There were certain types of patterns that were used for the peplos. Some of the common patterns included checks, flowers, waves, and even stripes. When women wore the peplos, the arms were generally left bare.
Chlamys

The chlamys also had a flowy appearance and was mainly worn by the soldiers in ancient Greece. It was used as a cloak and was pinned at the right shoulder. It was an apt form of clothing for soldiers due to its light fabric and flowy material. During winter, the soldiers used this piece of clothing as a cover to keep themselves warm.
Jewelry and Makeup

Jewelry formed a significant part of ancient Greek fashion. This was discovered with the findings of jewelry pieces at Greek sites, which proves that women in ancient Greece loved to wear all sorts of ornaments with their elaborate costumes. Bracelets, earrings, and beautiful necklaces were worn with the Greek attire. Even men were not left behind as far as fashion was concerned. It is known that the Greek men wore jewelry till the 4th century CE.

Ancient Greek women also used makeup. Pale or light skin was considered a status symbol for women. They used honey and olive oil to improve their skin. Dark powder was dusted over the eyebrows, and red powder was used over their lips.
The Hairdos
Several Greek sculptures, pottery paintings, and written records have survived the ravages of time, and they tell us a great deal about the way the ancient Greeks styled their hair. We know that there were elaborate hairdos, both for men as well as women, and more often than not, they also signified their social status. Furthermore, different hairdos were meant for different occasions, so a banquet hairdo was different from a wedding one.
Men’s Hairdos

Evidence tells us that during the early phases of Greek Empire, men wore their hair long, and also kept full beards and mustaches. However, with the passage of time, shorter hair and shorter beards became more trendy. Depictions from the later period of Greek Empire portray statues of clean-shaven men. All these depictions from different periods of Greek history show how men’s hairstyle trends changed over a period of time.
Women’s Hairdos

Evidence that has survived over the years shows that there were a variety of women’s hairstyles in ancient Greece. It is worth mentioning that a majority of these hairstyles were short, and we don’t see many long flowing tresses. The most popular was the braided hairstyle, however, bangs and ponytails were also common. We also have ample evidence of hairdressing devices such as hair pins and combs from the ancient Greek sites, especially the tombs.
Footwear in Ancient Greece
According to historical and archaeological sources, the ancient Greeks used a variety of footwear. The kind of shoes/sandals/slippers they used, depended not only on their gender, but also on their social status. Following are some of the most common types that were used regularly by the ancient Greeks.
Embades
Literally meaning ‘to step into’, the embades were boots, often having a felt or fur outer lining. Though we have different designs of embades, what distinguishes all of them from other shoe types is their enclosed shape, which not only served as a protective covering on the foot, but also imparted comfort to the wearer.
Krepis

Krepis were flat sandals with a half-boot design, having a cross-stripped pattern on top. Their rugged soles, which were made from cowhide leather, made them durable and perfect for walking the rocky terrains. More popular among the ancient Greek youth, especially those working in the military, these were specially designed for the outdoors, and were very comfortable.
Cothurnus

These were high-soled boots, which made the wearer look taller. Archaeological finds tell us that these boots were designed differently for men and women. While wearing such high-soled boots was not a popular fashion trend in ancient Greece, according to sources, they were more popular amongst the Greek actors and were associated with the Greek tragedies.
Buskin

Made from leather or cloth with crisscrossing laces covering the front portion, these were calf and knee length boots, wore primarily by soldiers, hunters, and theater actors. They were also popular among long-distance travelers as they covered the entire shin, and protected the feet from poisonous bites, etc. Wealthy people wore more intricately designed buskins, often having a fur covering.
Phaecasium

Specifically meant for ceremonies and rituals, the Phaecasium was the footwear of priests. However, their design was so elegant that they were also equally popular among philosophers and countrymen. Made from either leather, linen, or felt, these boots were also worn by affluent women. Women’s Phaecasia bore intricately embroidered patterns, and were often also ornamented with pearls.
Carbatine
The supposed precursors of modern laced shoes, the Carbatines were made from a single piece of raw hide. They had holes on either of their sides that enabled the thongs to pass through, and fasten at the ankles. These made extremely comfortable walking shoes.
Talaria

These were sandals which had wings on the rear end. Whether their use was prevalent in the ancient Greek society is not known for sure as yet, however, we know of these shoes from the various mythological depictions, especially those of God Hermes. Winged sandals were symbols of valor, courage, and swiftness.
Thus, we can see the ever-changing scenario of Greek fashion since the ancient days. Greek fashion is popular even today with celebrities, wearing toga-inspired dresses to red carpet events. Wear this fashion with a modern touch and give yourself the look of a Greek divinity!

Is Fashion Harmful to Society

We are constantly surrounded by fashion, it has become an everyday kind of thing you need to deal with. Fashion is a term that applies to clothing, accessories, hairstyle, footwear, body piercings, and furniture. The concept of fashion is not new to mankind, it is just that the definition of fashion has changed and more evolved. During the Egyptian era, both men and women used to line their eyes with Kohl for various reasons. But it was a trend back then and followed by everybody.

Fashion is like a wind and is changing rapidly. From school-going kids to working professionals, everybody wants to look their best. Fashion is promoted mostly by TV advertisements and celebrities. Many people define their fashion statement as comfort. They wear whatever they feel comfortable in. Of course you need to consider the occasion too. You can’t wear a jogging suit and go for a wedding, similarly you won’t wear a skirt to go for jogging. If we are living in a society, then it is not a bad thing to follow fashion trends, but it should be done in a limit.

Positive Impact of Fashion

► Fashion has become one common language for people all over the world. Our world is enormous, an integration of various cultures. Fashion helps to connect people internationally, because it travels from one city to another.

► Designers are able to produce and set new trends for people who are enthusiastic and ready to experiment with their look. This gives designers a satisfaction when they see their designs in the market, starting a trend among the people.

► The fashion industry is very competitive and there are many designers who offer the same thing like the others. It is always refreshing to see a new designer exhibit new and unique designs. It gives young and aspiring fashion designers a platform to exhibit their talent.

► Sometimes, fashion can be an inspiration for many to discover their hidden potential, it persuades individuals to attend fashion schools and make something out of their career, if they have an inclination towards this field. Fashion inspires you to expand your knowledge and creativity to turn your hobby into a career.

► One of the first things which people notice is your appearance. The way you dress up speaks a lot about you, fashion is one of the means through which you express yourself. Fashion gives you the liberty to mix and match clothes according to your mood, liking, and attitude.

► We all are attracted to people who dress up smartly and have a knowledge about the current trends. People dress up to attract the opposite sex and get noticed by someone they adore. Additionally, people also get acknowledged and stand out amongst the crowd largely due to what they wear and how they look. Those shabbily dressed or the ones lacking a sense of fashion are not very well taken, as compared to those who groom themselves well.

► Fashion is never ending, trends come and go. In fact, trends are inspired by designers, ideas of creating something new and different can come from anywhere. Take the example of the Little Black Dress, this trend never goes out. Almost every woman has a little black dress in her wardrobe purchased for that perfect evening.

► When you think about fashion, it’s not always about dressing up. Fashion opens numerous opportunities for you. You can choose to stay behind the camera and work on styling and if you prefer to be in front of the camera, you can venture fields like modeling and acting. Possibilities are endless, so one good thing about fashion is that it offers employment opportunities to those who dream about being a part of this industry.

► Additionally, following your own fashion statement makes you a more independent thinker. If you think you have the ability to carry the attire, then it fills you up with a great deal of confidence.

► It is like a magical fix for numerous issues like handling bullies and making new friends. Research claims that people who are always dressed up smartly are hardly harassed by bullies, because they feel that anybody with a high fashion sense may retaliate and can be a great threat for them.

► Fashion also helps you to make new friends easily. If you share the same interest like other people, then connecting with them won’t be difficult. You will have a common thing to base your discussions on.

► Teens get to create their own identity by following a certain trend which they like, thus they are not associated and tagged just like others. Having an impeccable and great fashion sense will easily get them a job in fashion land.

Negative Impact of Fashion

► One of the biggest drawbacks fashion has on our society is constant change. We all are aware that it changes constantly. With new year come new trends which if we don’t adopt, we are sure to be scrutinized by the fashion police in our neighborhood or school. For many fast-paced changes in fashion, it encourages people to buy clothes or other things unnecessarily. Which means splurging on things which won’t stay for long.

► Every new fashion trend is promoted in such a way that it becomes difficult for any teen or student to simply ignore it. Many fashion companies endorse celebrities to advertise for their clothing line, which results in many people buying that product. Why? Because their favorite celebrity has promoted it. They don’t care if it is right or wrong to buy it.

► The term ‘fashionsta’ sounds classy and glamorous but refers to somebody who follows fashion blindly. They want to wear it because that is the trend, they don’t care about whether it suits them or not, or if they are comfortable in it or not.

► A lot of money is wasted in buying new clothes, it indirectly promotes capitalism in society. People end up buying new clothes, when they already have old ones which they might not have worn even once. They discard old clothes to make space for new fashion trends in their wardrobe.

►”If most of us are ashamed of shabby clothes and shabby furniture, let us be more ashamed of shabby ideas and shabby philosophies… It would be a sad situation if the wrapper were better than the meat wrapped inside it.” A very famous quote by Albert Einstein, he was always seen in old and worn out clothes. Clothes have the power to project us in a negative or a positive way, sometimes people judge others wrong because of the clothes worn by them.

► There is a difference between fad and style. Fad fashion trends are short-lived, they come and go within months. These are known as fads of fashion, true fashion means style. People who are ignorant about this fact follow fads of fashion rather than focusing on creating their own style.

► Stealing, robbing, and blackmailing are common ways for the youth to become fashionable. They are so attracted and addicted to fashion that they are ready to go to any length to get the look they desire. Teens have become so rebellious that they even wear things which look hideous on them.

► Apart from clothes, there are certain trends detrimental to our health. These include tattoos, body piercings, plastic surgeries, etc. Teens have become extremists, one of the negative impacts of fashion is teenagers piercing various body parts. People are ready to pierce their belly button, tongue, forehead, lips all in the name of fashion.

► The environment and upbringing also has a lot to do with how an individual gets influenced by fashion around him/her. Teens staying in the rural areas will throw on an attire completely different from a teen staying in a city.

► Many times, teens or students opt for clothes due to peer pressure, they want to blend in the crowd. This fear of being left out in the crowd has a negative impact on their mind, thus they go for such clothes.

► Nowadays, students focus more and more on fashion rather than focusing on their career. They want to know everything about fashion, but little about their school or college activities. This is one of the major negative impacts of fashion on students.

► Some girls try to look like models, so they compromise on their diet to become skinny. Also, people experimenting with their hair or skin often forget about the allergies or acne breakouts they need to face due to using such products. Being fashion-conscious can even make you anxious and depressed if you don’t feel you are dressed up to the mark.

► One of the major and worst impacts of fashion on our environment is the procedure and products used to manufacture these fashionable products. Often, animal fur is used in jackets and fur coats. Many birds are killed, and experiments are done on animals to check if the products would be allergic to humans.

On a concluding note, fashion won’t be harmful to our society if we learn to create a balance between our studies and interests. Everybody wants to look good, there is no harm in it, unless you become completely obsessed with it. Parents also need to keep an eye on their children’s activity, if they are studying or wasting their time grooming themselves. There is no harm in being fashionable, but don’t let it interfere with your lifestyle and career.

Fashion Advice for Women

Fashion knows no age or boundaries. Although, women often tend to fret and fume over the birthday candles that keep adding on the cakes every year. Most of the latest fashion trends are not specifically aimed at women over 50. But, there is a little girl hidden in every woman. A girl who wants to feel liberated; a girl who wants to feel she is beautiful, no matter how old she gets. Plus-size clothing does not really offer to complete this dream. Large, oversized clothing does not bring out the beauty in a woman. And women often tend to feel that fashion is surely not meant for them. They then tend to spend their lives amidst piles of clothing that does not flatter them in any way and brings down the confidence level. However, all that’s going to change. We are here to tell you that there is a way to maintain fashion at 50; and here’s what you need to do. Go through the article and find out various styles of dressing yourself with vogue.
Fabulous Styles for Women Over 50
A good sense of style helps a woman ooze confidence no matter what the age. As years pass, women tend to overlook this factor thinking they belong to the ‘older bracket’. Fashion clothing can be really rocking if planned in the right way. Take a look at our fashion and singing divas such as Madonna and Tina Turner. They surely know how to have fun at any age! Beauty is eternal and here, you are about to read exclusive fashion advice for women over 50.

You have to be comfortable in your own skin. That is when you will feel comfortable and exude confidence in whatever you wear. The departmental stores will surely have amazing fashionable and trendy clothing, but designed for the teenyboppers! You must surely avoid following fashion ideas blindly, but work towards creating a look that is unique and most importantly… you! Pay closer attention to the colors, patterns, designs, and styles you like to wear. Don’t shy away from them just because you’re not in your 20s or 30s anymore. Be comfortable in your own skin and you’ll see the difference in your dressing style automatically.

Always choose fits that flatter your body type. Avoid choosing outfits that are too tight or too loose. An overly tight-fitting garment certainly does not give anyone the elegant look. At 50, you need to choose clothing that looks sophisticated and enhances the shape of your body. Go in for silhouettes that have clean lines and overlapping patterns without all the fuss and frills. You can keep it simple, and still make the best of it. Keep in mind as to where you’re going to wear certain outfits. According to that, you can choose your style properly. Dressing up or toning it down will depend on where exactly you’re wearing those clothes at.

Avoid wearing short and skimpy stuff and plunging necklines. Skirts that are way too short may tend to look over-the-top. If you are the kind who simply loves to wear attractive kinds of women’s clothing then you can go in for a long, fitting skirt with a side slit. It will surely add to the oomph factor and draw attention for all the right reasons.

Exposing arms or legs can be a tricky problem for women. When skin tends to sag, sleeveless or halter necks may not really flatter completely. If you are not really fond of long sleeves, you can opt for tunics that have sleeves made of sheer material. This will reveal your arms without bringing attention to problem areas!

You can try to go for either bold or classic designs; this depends on whether you want to take risks or play it safe. You can safely choose specific prints and even stripes. Urban fashion includes trench coats for the winter, turtlenecks, A-line skirts, waist-length jackets, shirts, eternal blue jeans, gowns with classy shrugs, etc. Big prints will only tend to make a woman appear larger in size.

Makeup is something that should be on the minimal side. However, there are many ways you can glam yourself up with makeup tricks that give an added glow to your skin. Accessories can also play an important part for shaping the way you look. For example, choose handbags in such a way that they aren’t too contrast with your outfit. Also, a dull, boring oversized bag does not flatter a woman’s personality.

Fashion trends change with time, but women need to bend some rules to choose clothes that flatter and give a boost to one’s confidence. But before we end this article, I’d like to mention that even though we spoke about the clothes for women over 50, there are certain clothing options you should avoid. This includes leather clothing, low-waist jeans, trousers in pleats, mini skirts, fluorescent colors, baggy clothes, fringes, textured clothing (crocodile or snake skin), etc. The basic thing to remember is, go with your gut feeling and prove everyone that life can begin at 50!

Everyday Fashion

“A heavy bag may cause the shoulder and upper back to bend forward, possibly increasing stress to the neck and lower back. If carrying a heavy bag regularly is unavoidable, switch shoulders periodically, to more evenly distribute the stress.”
― Dr. David Geier, Orthopedic Surgeon and Director of Sports Medicine at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC)
Being trendy and wearing the ‘in’ thing in this fashion-conscious world has almost become a necessity. But do you know, some fashion trends may be harmful for your body. Fashionable clothes and accessories might make you look smarter, trendier, and can even make you feel better, but some of these can be unhealthy, inflict pain, and can even seriously affect certain parts of your body. Let us find out some of these fashion items which are used everyday, but are very harmful for the body.
Clothing
Skinny jeans

Skinny jeans have become mainstream fashion, and every girl wants to wear one to look peppy. But doctors recommend against wearing these pants, as they can cause nerve compression. The lateral femoral cutaneous nerve which runs down the thigh, and aids physical sensations like touch and pain, is compressed due to skinny jeans, and causes pain and numbness.
Tight and Lacy Undergarments

Sleeping with tight undergarments, especially brassieres, may hamper your sleep. According to a study conducted by the Department of Environmental Health at Nara Women’s University, the pressure of the bras suppresses the production of melatonin, which adversely affects your sleep, and can make you ill. Synthetic and lacy panties can cause irritation, which may lead to infection. If these undergarments are worn under skinny jeans then the chances of yeast infection increase.
Neckties

Though considered professional, neckties can actually increase the risk of glaucoma which is one of the most common eye disease in the world, and may even cause blindness if left untreated.
Compression Undergarments

Compression undergarments which are usually worn to contain and compress a bulging tummy are actually not good for health. “Tight garments on the lower abdominal region and the upper thigh can cause a condition called meralgia paresthetica, irritation of the nerves in the front and outer thigh,” says Orly Avitzur, MD, neurologist and medical adviser to Consumer Reports, who practices in Carmel, N.Y.
Footwear
High Heels or Stilettoes

High heels have always been a powerful style statement for women around the world. Wearing high heels no doubt makes them look sexier, but high heels can also cause a lot of harm to a woman’s feet. When you wear high heels or stilettos, it increases the pressure on your forefoot, and stretches the Achilles tendon. Prolonged use of these types of shoes results in pain, and may even cause bone deformity.
Knee-High Boots

Knee-high boots harm the feet in the similar way as high-heels or stilettos. The rest of the boot which extends to the knees or above the knee may cause nerve damage. The tight, non-stretchable material of the boots harms the nerves of the legs, causing a tingling and burning sensation; and it may also affect blood circulation.
Flip-flops, Ballet Flats and Flat Boots

We all think flip-flops, ballet flats or flat boots are among the most comfortable footwear, and are better than high heels. But do you know, these flat shoes can cause plantar fasciitis, tendon problems, and ankle sprain. All these shoes lack support which causes imbalance, and may lead to foot pain.
Accessories
Artificial Eyelashes

Artificial eyelashes make your eyes more attractive, and this is the reason some women love to wear them all the time. Overuse of artificial lashes may not be good for your natural eyelashes. The glue used to make the artificial lashes stick to your eyelids, may cause damage to the natural lashes. This may result in the breakage of the lashes which may cause thinning of the lashes.
Dark Sunglasses

No doubt sunglasses protect your eyes from harmful radiation of the Sun, but the extremely dark shades void of any UV protection, are actually harmful for the eyes. Dark shades dilate the pupils, and if they are not UV protected, the UV rays directly enter the eyes, and may cause severe damage. So, if your sunglasses are dark, make sure they are UV protected.
Metal Jewelry

The compound in the jewelry may cause severe allergic reaction in many people. Nickel is considered to be a major culprit behind skin reactions. So, people sensitive to a particular metal should take extra care while buying one.
Tight Finger Ring

Rings are very commonly worn by people. But tight rings may result in poor circulation of blood in the fingers. This may lead to numbness and discomfort. Remove the rings after every 2 to 3 hours, and let your fingers breathe.
Tight Headgear or Headbands

Tight headgear may compress your head which may lead to headache. Pulling hair back in a tight headband may cause strain on the scalp, which may lead to pain and hair breakage.
Contact Lenses

Non-prescribed contact lenses which people wear just to look cool can damage your eyes. Inquire about the lens material and its safety before buying a pair.
Piercings

Piercings are a fairly common fashion statement, but they are not very good for our body. Among the external piercings, navel piercing poses the greatest risk of infection. Internal piercings such as tongue and genital piercing are also very prone to infection. In rare cases when the infection is not treated in time, it may spread to the brain and cause brain abscess. It may even cause endocarditis (an infection of the inner lining of the heart).
So, these were some of the fashion articles which can be harmful for your health. I know many of you out there love to wear the in-things when it comes to fashion, but achieving ‘the’ look at the cost of your health is not a good option. So, if you love wearing these fashionable stuff and cannot avoid them, then at least avoid wearing them for a prolonged period of time. Instead find other alternatives that will still make you look amazing, without causing harm to your health.

Famous French Fashion Designers

Paris is often labeled as the unofficial capital of the fashion world. Fashion designers, models, stylists, and in general, all fashion enthusiasts, flock to France to see and experience the latest designs in the world of fashion. The contribution of France, and in particular, French designers, towards the fashion industry has been phenomenal. Here we showcase some of the legendary French names in the world of fashion designing.

Alexandre, Laurent, and Raphael Elisha

Brand – The Kooples
Products – Ready-to-wear premium

The three brothers started a line of clothing for both men and women, with the concept of dressing the pair instead of picking one over the other. Their chic and offbeat idea draws inspiration from rock, vintage, and the British.

Alice Lemoîne

Brand – Le Moine Tricote
Products – Couture and ready-to-wear

She is a 28, studied fashion design at ESMOD (École Supérieure des Arts et techniques de la Mode), and has her own knitwear brand that become famous across the globe. Adopting her cultural heritage in her work, Lemoîne has built a bridge between the ancestral knitting techniques with the modern fashion world.

André Courrèges

Brand – Maison de Couture
Products – Ready-to-wear

Under his company, Courrèges first launched his signature designs of a little white dress and trouser suit. In 1964, the ‘Space Age’ collection was launched where geometric shapes and designs were given center stage. Later in his career, Courrèges also dabbled in launching a new perfume.

Bouchra Jarrar

Brand – Bouchra Jarrar
Products – Haute couture and ready-to-wear

She has assisted Nicolas Ghesquière and Christian Lacroix, after which she started her own creation where she combined practical wares that looked edgy and elegant. Jarrar uses minimalist palette of colors, but has an excellent reputation of cutting and tailoring of clothes.

Christian Dior

Brand – Christian Dior
Products – Haute couture and ready-to-wear

Considered one of the best fashion designers of France, Christian Dior was inclined towards art right from his childhood. He started his career in fashion, working as an assistant designer to Robert Piquet. Post World War II, Dior rose to global fame with his new revolutionary design which was appropriately named the New Look. Dior dominated the fashion world until his death in 1957. He is credited for launching and commercializing French fashion on the world stage.

Christian Lacroix

Brand – Christian Lacroix
Products – Haute couture and ready-to-wear

Lacroix is known for entering and reviving the Haute Couture industry at a time when other streams of fashion were threatening to overpower its supremacy. Lacroix, best known for his exotic range of designer clothing and his modern creation of the puffball skirt, is quite a favorite among Hollywood celebrities including the likes of Christina Aguilera and Nicole Kidman.

Christian Louboutin

Brand – Christian Louboutin
Products – Shoes, purses, wallets

World famous for his signature shiny, red-lacquered soles in the footwear, Louboutin was the one who brought stilettos back in style around the 1990s. The reason behind this was to “make a woman look sexy, beautiful, to make her legs look as long as [he] can”.

Coco Chanel

Brand – Chanel
Products – Haute couture

Coco Chanel’s tryst with fashion began as a seamstress during her childhood. She later moved on to selling ladies’ hats, after which she launched her own line of clothing and the famous perfume ‘Chanel No. 5’, which is popular even today. Chanel’s claim to fame, among other things, is the novel cardigan jacket that she presented to the world. The legendary little black dress, which later became a must-have in every woman’s wardrobe, also happens to be one of Chanel’s signature designs.

Hubert de Givenchy

Brand – Givenchy
Products – Haute couture and ready-to-wear

After establishing Givenchy in 1952, Hubert de Givenchy debuted featured long skirts and tailored blouses. Following this, his next collection included elegant evening gowns, feminine hats, and tailored suits. However great of a success, in 1981, the label was split where Veuve Clicquot took over the perfume line and Louis Vuitton Moët Hennessy (LVMH) took over the fashion department. Currently, LVMH OWNS Parfums Givenchy too.

Isabel Marant

Brand – Isabel Marant
Products – Clothing, jewelry, and accessories

Even though Marant had launched her brand in 1990 under the name ‘Twen’, she changed the name to ‘Isabel Marant’ in 1994. The original clothing line consisted of jerseys and knitwear, today, the brand is known for its footwear as well. By 2000, Marant also included ‘Etoile’ to her brand that provides affordable and casual wares worldwide.

Jean Paul Gaultier

Brand – Creative director of Hermès (2003 to 2010), Jean Paul Gaultier
Products – Haute couture and ready-to-wear

Do you remember Madonna’s infamous conical bras in her 1990s Blond Ambition tour? If you remember that, then knowing Gaultier is not difficult. Gaultier has always drawn influence from edgy street and punk styles, which has helped him create quite a name for himself.

Louis Vuitton

Brand – Louis Vuitton
Products – Luxury goods

An iconic name in the fashion industry, Louis Vuitton was hired by Napoleon’s wife to be personal box-maker and packer. Giving him a royal and elite clientele, Vuitton would offer his services to whomever required them. The label was founded in 1854, today, Michael Burke is the chairman and CEO of the company, whereas Kim Jones is the lead designer of menswear and Cesar Rubio is the creative director.

Maxime Simoëns

Brand – Maxime Simoëns
Products – Couture and ready-to-wear

Drawing inspiration from art, music, and films, Simoëns has translated his ideas into his collections where every piece has a story to tell. Impressed with his work, in 2013, LVMH backed his fashion house financially, securing Simoëns’ reach to the global fashion market.

Ophélie Klère and François Alary

Brand – Dévastée
Products – Ready-to-wear

Fashion designers by profession and a couple in real life, Klère and Alary are taking the fashion industry by storm. Their 2013 Fall/Winter collection had ‘vibrant’ black and white wares that proved that you don’t need an array of colors to showcase your true talent. Their label, Dévastée, portrays a cool urban vibe that is becoming quite popular not just in France, but also worldwide.

Paloma Picasso

Brand – Paloma Picasso
Products – Jewelry and perfumes

Palona Picasso started her career in 1968 as a costume designer in Paris. By 1971, she started working for Zolotas, a Greek jewelry company; this was after Yves Saint Laurent had approached her to design accessories for one of his collections at the time. By 1980, Picasso was designing jewelry for Tiffany and Co.; and later on, launching her own brand.

Pierre Cardin

Brand – Pierre Cardin
Products – Avant-garde, haute couture, and ready-to-wear

Another well-known name, Pierre Cardin shot to fame mainly due to his innovative and space-age designs. Pierre had an affinity for geometry and it reflected in many of his designs. Pierre Cardin came into the limelight when he launched his new creation, The Bubble Dress. He is also credited for being the first fashion designer to launch a unisex range of clothing, as well as the concept of street fashion.

Thierry Hermès

Brand – Hermès
Products – Leather, lifestyle accessories, perfumery, luxury goods, and ready-to-wear

Hermès, a household name in France, is fondly referred to as the ‘grand-daddy’ of all French fashion and luxury labels. It was started by Thierry Hermès way back in 1837 and was initially into the business of manufacturing horse saddles and harnesses. Over the years, Hermès has grown substantially, establishing its stronghold in a wide range of businesses such as designer boutiques, world fashion, home decor, fashion jewelry, handbags, shoes as well as internationally known fragrances. Hermès is credited with having introduced the revolutionary concept of the zipper to France, which in due course of time, became a rage all over the country. Today, this brand boasts of an elite and celebrity clientèle which includes the likes of Madonna, Nicole Kidman, and Elle Macpherson among others.

Yves Saint Laurent

Brand – Yves Saint Laurent
Products – Haute couture and ready-to-wear

Born and brought up in Algeria, Yves Saint Laurent moved to France during his late teens to pursue art and fashion. Initially, he began working under the legendary Christian Dior and later progressed to becoming the art director of the firm, following Dior’s untimely death. Saint Laurent eventually launched his own line of fashion clothing and is credited with innovative creations including the smoking suit, see-through blouses and the iconic jumpsuit which had a die-hard loyalist in musician Elvis Presley. Yves Saint Laurent continued to rise up the ladder of success and eventually became known as one of the best fashion designers the world has ever seen.

Fast Fashion and its Disadvantages

Going back to the history, fast fashion emerged at the inception of the twenty-first century with the policy of fresh fashion, rapid production, low cost and instant delivery. The term is used to describe cheap and affordable clothes coming into market as fast as possible to match up with the trend. It combines two major operating characteristics of quick response and enhanced design systems. It is the change closely associated with seasons establishing value. It involves adopting new styles and focusing on imagination. Fast fashion is opposed to ethical fashion which is an approach to the design, manufacturing source, giving maximum benefit to the consumers and causing minimal harm to environment. Although fast fashion seems cool and stylish when looked at from a distance, it has some disadvantages as well. Some of them are mentioned below, take a look.

Disadvantages of Fast Fashion
It is unsustainable. It has short product life cycle.
The focus largely lies on imitation of original products which misleads the customer. Those who are aware of this replication or who have lack of fashion consciousness wouldn’t suffer, but those interested in purchasing original brands are deceived by these fast fashion trends.
The retailers make closest copies of the original which involves reputation risk and using lowest cost labor amounts to labor exploitation making it an ethical issue.
There is also scarcity experienced of qualified personnel in manufacturing garments.
There is a tough competition due to low-cost producers. These retailers use more style, take less time in producing the garment and have rapid delivery.
Another negative aspect of fast fashion is, it stands against costume designing. Both are closely related to each other but costume designing has got hardly any recognition as compared to (fast) fashion designing.
Leading Brands

There is a great competition between fast fashion companies. They have to keep updating the products of their company in order to survive in the market. Following is the one brand name that has dominated the market for infinite years:

Zara’s Business Model
When we talk about Fast Fashion brands, Zara’s business model appears first in the list. In fact, it is the leading retailer in response to quick trends. Before Zara it was Swedish retailer Hennes & Mauritz with a bright red H&M logo, leading the international market of cheap and general clothing. On 29th March, Spanish retail group, Inditex, best known for its Zara stores in Europe took over and led the market thereafter. The CEO did not want to invest much on advertising, rather, believed in having Zara stores in the most luxurious areas. Zara owned all the supply channels and the biggest disadvantage of that was, it became very difficult for Zara to expand to far location.f Zara’s model particularly, was quick to respond to the shifts in consumer’s tastes. Zara’s fashion designs stay in the market for not more than four weeks. This makes the visitors to have repeated visits to the store.

Zara had the scope to expand in Europe, however difference in clothing style and culture restricted its expansion in other parts of the world. In the eastern countries Zara didn’t obtain a very stabilized financial market and customers rarely visited the store. Geographically there is a lot of internal variation in the markets that are located in the parts other than Europe.

Apart from fast fashion there are other short-term fashion trends like fashion fads which last for considerably shorter period than fast fashion. It suddenly becomes popular and also disappears quickly. The moderate fashion trends last for a considerable amount of time where people get time to approach it. It has greater possibility of being cyclical i.e., it can disappear but can also return. Having such negative features and a number of disadvantages, how can fast fashion have a bright future? It appears, retailers make money and the trend disappears. The concept of financial growth appears as their main aim and the strategy is decided around this basic principle. It always remains a temporary style trend.

Famous Fashion Designers

The last century saw some real innovation in terms of both men’s and women’s clothing. Spearheading this revolution were a class of fashion artists whom we refer to as fashion designers. Many of the famous fashion designers of the previous century are known till today for their ability to showcase the beauty of a woman’s body by way of clever, stylish, creative and elegant clothing. Below is a list of all such designers who have made women look stunning, sensuous and gorgeous through their interesting and unique designs.

Renowned Designers

Ralph Lauren
Ralph Lauren tried his hands at many things before he became a fashion designer. His education was in business science, he served in the army and even worked as a road salesman for a clothes company. It was in the year 1967 that he launched polo ties. In the next four years, he launched both men’s and women’s wear. In the year 1983, he became the first fashion designer to come up with a home collection. Today, his lines include Ralph Lauren Collections, Polo Sport, and Polo Ralph Lauren.

Gianni and Donatella Versace
Gianni Versace began designing clothes at the age of twenty five. Many of his creations featured in magazines such as “Showgirls”. Versace creations were very popular among the celebrities and he used many of these celebrities to highlight his work. Gianni Versace was murdered in the year 1997. After his death, his sister, Donatella Versace, took over the reins of his business. Donatella Versace took care of her brother’s fashion house with the same passion and zeal and her designer clothing is extremely popular today among the elite for its elegance and sexiness.

Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel
Today counted among the most famous French fashion designers of all times, Coco Chanel’s early childhood was far from the life of luxury she led later in life. Coco Chanel spent a large part of her childhood in an orphanage. It was in the orphanage itself that she learned how to stitch clothes. At the age of eighteen, she left school and started working for a tailor in Paris. Coco Chanel’s popularity first spread among the classes when she designed some really unique looking hats. In the year 1910, she started her own business. Chanel’s creations were known for their use of regular fabrics and simplistic designs. Understatement and elegance were the hallmarks of Chanel’s clothes. Some popular creations of Chanel which are considered the “in thing” even today are Chanel designer handbags, “the little black dress” and Chanel No.5 perfume.

Yves Saint Laurent
Yves Saint Laurent became popular in fashion circles due to his creativity in redesigning the clothes considered to be masculine into beautiful, feminine wardrobe for women. Perhaps, one of the most famous designers in France, Yves was the first one to introduce power dressing for women in the form of “power suits” in the year 1966. He is also credited with designing the men’s smoking jacket. The most important fashion legacy which he has left behind is the “ready-to-wear” fashion clothing.

Tom Ford
Tom Ford, counted among the most famous designers today, whose portfolio includes serving as a creative director for both Yves Saint Laurent and Gucci, wanted to be actor when he was growing up. He was born in Texas and even took training to be an actor. But fate had other “designs” for him. Tom ford popularity as a designer reached peaks when in the year 2000, he was declared the winner of the Best International Designer Award.

Read more at Buzzle: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/famous-fashion-designers.html

Facts About the Fashion

India has a rich culture and tradition which is reflected in the clothing the Indians wear. Indian fashion has seen a metamorphosis since the ancient days. Although, the basics are the same, we can find a lot of western influences and modern designs that have been incorporated into the basic structure of any Indian outfit. So, what was ancient Indian fashion actually like? It was the time when there were no designers displaying their haute couture to pamper a luxurious line of clientele. Ancient India had its own kind of customs and traditions that were to be followed by generations and we can see its presence felt even today.

The Indian Wardrobe
Cotton clothing was predominantly used in India during the olden days. This was as early as the Harappan civilization. During the Aryan period, sari became the traditional clothing of Indian women. Sari is a long piece of cloth that can be wrapped in different ways over the body. Saris were also made in silk apart from the regular cotton ones. (Wealthy women only wore silk in those days.) saris generally had length of five yards or even nine yards, at times. It is worn as a skirt with the upper half thrown above the shoulder and sometimes worn over the head as a kind of a veil. Sometimes, it was even tucked between the legs to form a pattern of a pant. Even today, the traditional way of wearing a sari is still followed; sometimes with some modifications as well, which would depend upon the latest trends.

The sari has always been a very elegant piece of garment, which was always worn with a choli or a blouse. Choli is a tight fitting blouse that is worn under the sari. This trend evolved around the tenth century and some of the first designs covered only the front area, with the back being bare in this case. During the ancient days, such blouses were not stitched at all; in fact this garment was simply fastened at the back with a knot. Today, the basic choli is worn in various styles from halters to tube tops.

A startling fact about ancient Indian fashion was that the clothes were not stitched together at all. They did not really have garments that were sewed together! This was because most of the clothing was ready-to-wear, as soon as they left the loom. Examples of these would be the dhoti, sari, turban, and the scarf. Men wear the dhoti even today; though it is not worn by the average working man; it is still visible on the fashion runways and design houses as well. The dhoti covers the legs and has one end of it that is passed between the legs, which is then tucked behind. Dhotis were generally worn short and did not have the part that covered the chest and the shoulder area. Men combined these dhotis with turbans; these were also wrapped around the head in a particular fashion.

Although the saris and dhotis have never gone out of fashion, with the Persian influences in Indian fashion, women and men wore long tunics that went down to the knees with pants that were known as churidars. Ancient Indian attire also includes the very popular, versatile, comfortable, and stylish salwar-kameez. Salwar is a loose trouser whose basic design has been modified since ancient days. The tunics were worn with churidars. Indian couture can never be complete without the mention of the bindi. The basic form was a dot, which was worn on the forehead as a symbol of marriage. Today, even unmarried women in India wear the bindi, which is designed in various forms and shapes, colors as well as textures.

Gold was popular since the ancient days. Gold ornaments were always worn on the skin at all times. It was always believed that gold, as a metal, has the power to purify anything that it comes in contact with it. The noble metal was used since the days of the ancient Mohenjodaro and Harappa civilizations. Apart from such ornamental decorations, one also saw the use of flowers worn in the hair and eye makeup that always included kajal for the eyes. Indian fashion can never be complete without these elements.